José Rosa Castellanos
Santurce, PR, 1939
Santurce, PR, 1939
Printmaker and painter. Rosa first studied art under Rafael Tufiño; his training in the graphic arts took place in DIVEDCO, at the Campeche Studio and Galllery run by Domingo García in San Juan, and under Lorenzo Homar at the Graphic Arts Workshop of the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture. From 1973 to 1986, Rosa was director of that Workshop, where he became a master of silkscreen technique. In his work he captures images and subjects associated with the popular culture of Puerto Rico, such as bar life, politics, and the religiosity of the island’s people, generally in a humorous, amusing manner. In the seventies he developed a novel style characterized by the integration of text into his compositions, using the text as a graphic element. In 1998 he was honored at the Twelfth San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Prints. His paintings have visual parallels with his graphic art, and are characterized by an emphasis on the underlying drawing and by the sharpness of the lines and the figures’ outlines.
The work of José Rosa is that place where Puerto Ricans observe themselves, where classes and social groups relate, where they identify as equals. Consequently, José Rosa has been able to work from his isolation, because confidence in his national identity has allowed him to search inwards for the roots of his people. The style engendered by his endless search, not outward, but from himself, is individualism.
Source: Traba, Marta. "Art of Latin America 1900-1980", Estados Unidos, John Hopkins University Press,1994.
1972 and 1974
González, José Luis. "País de cuatro pisos", San Juan, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán, 1980. (Ilustración en portada).
"The Latin American Spirit, Art and Artists in the United States 1920-1970", Nueva York, Estados Unidos:Abrahams Publishing con el Bronx Museum, 1988.
Traba, Marta. "Art of Latin America 1900-1980", Estados Unidos, John Hopkins University Press,1994.
Hermandad de la Artistas Gráficos de Puerto Rico,"Puerto Rico Arte e Identidad", San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1998.
Delgado, Osiris. "Cuatro siglos de Pintura Puertorriqueña", San Juan, Puerto Rico: Banco Santander de Puerto Rico, 1998.
Tió, Teresa. "El Cartel en Puerto Rico" , Estados Unidos:Prentice Hall.