Abstract artBack to top
Does not represent objects realistically. Abstract art is characterized by free forms, lines, colors and textures. There are varieties of abstract art such as cubism and abstract expressionism.
ArtisanBack to top
Master in technique. Understands his materials. Makes functional or utilitarian objects. Before industrialization, the artisan was an indispensable person in his community as he constructed objects of daily use.
ArtistBack to top
Creator of original objects. Artisan who, in addition, proposes and communicates ideas through visual shapes and forms.
CanvasBack to top
Fabric or canvas. Painting surface.
Cold colorBack to top
Cold colors are those which absorb light (green, violet and blue). Optically they seem to distance themselves.
CollectionBack to top
Group of art works that pertain to a person or institution, which are acquired with the goal of preservation and exhibition, recognizing their artistic, historic, and cultural value.
CompositionBack to top
Organization of visual elements within a specific format.
ContourBack to top
Border, limit, boundary.
ContrastBack to top
One of the principles of design. Refers to opposing colors and forms that do not have a relationship or affinity between themselves.
DiagonalBack to top
The most active of all the lines. This movement always indicates action, proximity or distance. On occasions, it can also infer violence.
Fantastic landscapeBack to top
Where the artist has the opportunity to combine real and imaginary situations.
FigurativeBack to top
Art which represents identifiable figures, the opposite of abstract art.
Flat shapesBack to top
They are measured height by width; they don’t have volume. For example: the circle, square, triangle, rectangle, among others.
Focal pointBack to top
Area or areas that succeed in capturing the attention of the viewer.
FolkloreBack to top
Refers to the customs or traditions of an area or region. Popular manifestation.
FormatBack to top
Limits and dimensions within which a work of art is produced, whether it is a painting, a sculpture, or an architectural structure. The format adds limits to the composition.
FragmentationBack to top
Refers to the part and no the whole. When an object is not represented in its totality.
Horizon lineBack to top
Reference that helps us determine the point of sight from where we are observing. This could be high, low, or at the level of the object itself.
HorizontalsBack to top
One of the three possible directions assumed by a shape. It suggests calm, rest, serenity, therefore, it is the most passive of all.
IconBack to top
Typical representation of medieval painting in which the figure is presented in frontal form, looking at the viewer, and employing elements that symbolize characteristics of portraiture.
ImpressionBack to top
Indirect process that prepares a surface, which upon being dyed, transfers an image to the paper. Textile printing is a type of impression.
ImpressionismBack to top
The first movement of modern art that emerged at the end of the 19th century. The artists worked outdoors looking for the fleeting moment or an accident of light. To create these effects, they utilize rapid and short brushstrokes creating textured effects on the surface of the canvas. They are rejected in their time for being innovators. They break the established canons of their time and are the root that unleashes which will be known as the vanguards of the 20th century, which changes forever the way art is made.
IntensityBack to top
Refers to the saturation or brilliance of a color. When a color is not mixed, it is in its pure form.
IronBack to top
Mold or surface which contains an image to be printed.
Lost Iron engravingBack to top
A very risky method of printing in which an iron is not used for each color, but instead for all colors. The design of the prior irons is lost because the iron minimizes through working on each color successively.
MiniatureBack to top
Small scale work with very elaborate details.
MonumentalityBack to top
Object that is designed to be larger than normal.
Natural lightBack to top
The opposite of artificial light, it seems to come from the locality or context where things are presented.
OilBack to top
Pigment mixed with linseed oil. Quality painting medium.
Point of flightBack to top
The furthest point on the horizon where convergent lines merge (visible or invisible).
Point of viewBack to top
Refers to the place where the artist positions us in relation to the pictorial space. The alternatives are level with, above, or below the subject.
PortraitBack to top
One of the great themes in art. Employed with frequency when the photographic camera did not exist. Today, the portrait and the self-portrait can speak of other aspects of a person aside from his physical appearance.
PosterBack to top
Print advertisement that combines word and image to communicate a message and attract the attention of the visitor.
PrimitivistBack to top
Naïve Art. Highly expressive immature style that utilizes simple shapes which are often flat or almost flat.
RealismBack to top
Artistic tendency that seeks to faithfully represent the external appearance of an object.
RepetitionBack to top
Design principle in which the same element reappears.
RococoBack to top
Late Baroque French artistic style (17th century) that is characterized by elegance, frivolity, and decorative richness.
Self portraitBack to top
A portrait that an artist makes of himself.
Self-taughtBack to top
A person who did not attend school or an institution to receive his education. Acquires understanding on his own, by educating himself.
ShadowBack to top
Still lifeBack to top
One of art’s big themes. Painting or drawing which represents inanimate objects such as vegetables, fruit, or flowers.
Technique cardBack to top
Information that appears next to an exhibited work of art. It indicates the title, author, technique, and surface employed, the ear in which the work was created, collection and other relevant information.
Three dimensional shapesBack to top
They are measured height by width, by density, so they have a body and occupy a place in space.
TintBack to top
High value, closer to light. When white is added to another color.
TransparencyBack to top
An effect that allows the viewing of things underneath. Implies layering, therefore a space or form suggested in profundity.
VanguardBack to top
The latest trends which are not always accepted in their beginnings for being too bold, experimental, innovative or radical for the average taste. Each movement that, in the beginning, broke from established norms, in its time, is considered vanguard.
VerticalBack to top
One of the possible directions a shape assumes. Can indicate strength, solemnity, superiority or a moral attribute. It is a little more active than the horizontal.
Visual elementBack to top
Vocabulary through which the artist communicates. Composed of lines, form, color, texture, light and shadow, and space, among others. Tools that, united in composition and to the mode in which the media is employed succeed in expressing a message to the viewer. The principles of art (focal point, movement, rhythm, direction, balance, relation and proportion) are also a part of the visual vocabulary.
Visual movementBack to top
Clues present in a work that intuitively direct the viewer to visually traverse space following a determined pattern.
VolumeBack to top
A mode for creating the illusion of three dimensionality on a paper or canvas surface.
Warm colorBack to top
Warm colors are those which expand or project light (red, yellow and orange). Optically they seem to draw closer.